My research focuses on the political legacy of historical violence, the intersection between politics and emotion, and the politics of place and space. I mostly work in political theory, but I also conduct research in political psychology and on teaching and learning in the political science classroom. Click here to download my research statement.

Political Theory

Dissertation: Toward a Political Aesthetic of Commemoration
My dissertation focuses on how political societies remember historical violence through their physical environments. I analyze case studies of aesthetic representations of mass violence: representations of the Rwandan genocide in Rwanda, of chattel slavery in the United States, and of colonial violence against Indigenous peoples in Australia. Analyzing the successes and failures in each of these cases, I propose a three-pronged approach to a politically productive aesthetic of commemoration that emphasizes bodily vulnerability, historical contingency, and political solidarity. I take a comparative political theory approach and engage in a number of literatures, including memory studies, material culture, architecture and planning theory, and postcolonial theory. A few of the thinkers I engage with are: Theodor Adorno, Judith Butler, Elaine Scarry, Susan Sontag, and Hannah Arendt.

The introduction and two of the three case study chapters are written, one of which is under review.

Political Psychology

Set in Stone: Confederate Monuments’ Meaning and Consequences in the American South,” with Emily Wager and Tyler Steelman. Working paper.

How do citizens interpret contentious symbols that pervade our environment? And what downstream effects does state protection of these symbols have on how citizens of different backgrounds feel they belong in that environment? We approach these questions through the lens of race and Confederate monuments in the American South. Data from two original surveys illustrate the symbolic meanings Americans attach to these monuments and how state protection of them impact residents’ feelings of belonging. We find perceptions of Confederate monuments vary by race: Whites are drastically less likely to perceive them as symbolic of racial injustice than are African Americans. Further, state protection of Confederate monuments leads to a diminished sense of belonging among African Americans, while generally leaving Whites unaffected. This research moves beyond the literature that examines simple support or opposition toward contentious symbols, and instead develops a deeper understanding of what meaning symbols can hold for citizens and how they can have tangible consequences for how citizens engage in the public and political sphere. This paper is currently under review.

“Memory and Constructed Emotions: A New Measure for Emotional Reactions to Political Figures,” with Pamela Conover and Tyler Steelman. Working paper.

Despite the importance of emotions in understanding political candidates, elections, and elected officials, for forty years political scientists have been using a measure of emotional reactions to politicians that does not align with current theoretical understandings of how emotions work. The American National Election Study (ANES) asks respondents to recall how often they have felt a certain emotion toward an individual political figure, but research on the fallibility of memory and the constructed nature of emotions shows that this approach is misguided. We propose a new measure that uses real-time news alerts to measure emotional reactions as they are formed, not months or years later. Results from pilot surveys show that this measure is able to tap emotional reactions as they unfold.

Teaching and Learning

“Reasons and Power: A Holistic U.S. Political Institutions Simulation,” with Ryan Williams. Working paper.

In U.S. government courses, simulations have been shown to increase students’ engagement with course material and knowledge retention. We introduce procedures for and data on the effectiveness of an original simulation on civil liberties and U.S. federal institutions. Students play members of Congress, lobbyists for a pro- or anti-natural gas pipeline group, or Supreme Court justices. The simulation is unique in its combination of reflection on the strength and type of various normative arguments for and against a policy with the procedures of government as the policy makes its way through federal institutions.

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